زندگینامه استنلی کوبریک

زندگینامه استنلی کوبریک

زندگینامه استنلی کوبریک

زندگینامه استنلی کوبریک و استفاده از آن در یادگیری زبان انگلیسی | کلاس خصوصی زبان انگلیسی

Stanley Kubrick was an American filmmaker known for directing such acclaimed features as ‘Dr. Strangelove,’ ‘A Clockwork Orange,’ ‘2001: A Space Odyssey,’ ‘The Shining’ and ‘Full Metal Jacket.’

زندگینامه استنلی کوبریک

زندگینامه استنلی کوبریک

کلاس خصوصی زبان انگلیسی آزمون IELTS

Who Was Stanley Kubrick?

Born in New York City on July 26, 1928, Stanley Kubrick worked as a photographer for Look magazine before exploring filmmaking in the 1950s. He went on to direct a number of acclaimed films, including Spartacus (1960), Lolita (1962), Dr. Strangelove (1964), A Clockwork Orange (1971), 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968), The Shining (1980), Full Metal Jacket (1987) and Eyes Wide Shut (1999). Kubrick died in England on March 7, 1999.

Foray into Filmmaking

Kubrick began to explore the art of filmmaking in the 1950s. His first films were documentary shorts financed by friends and relatives. His first feature, the 1953 military drama Fear and Desire, was made independently of a studio—an uncommon practice for the time. Early into his filmmaking career, Kubrick acted as cinematographer, editor and soundman, in addition to directing. Later, he would also write and produce.

Kubrick made 10 feature films from 1957 to 1999, his early releases from that period including the acclaimed Spartacus (1960); Lolita (1962), based on the novel by Vladimir Nabokov; and Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb (1964).

Denied official cooperation from the U.S. armed services during the filming of Dr. Strangelove, Kubrick went on to construct sets from photographs and other public sources.

زندگینامه استنلی کوبریک

‘2001: A Space Odyssey’

Kubrick released his most popular film, 2001: A Space Odyssey, in 1968, after working diligently on the production for a number of years—from co-writing the script with Arthur C. Clarke to working on the special effects, to directing. The film earned Kubrick 13 Academy Award nominations; he won one for his special effects work.

While Odyssey was an enormous success, its first public screening was an unmitigated disaster. The film was shown on the same night that Lyndon Johnson announced he would not seek re-election; coincidentally, it was rumored that the studio head would lose his job if the film wasn’t a hit. When the audience left the theater in droves, the studio’s publicity department said, “Gentlemen, tonight we have lost two presidents.”

The film subsequently garnered a great deal of media coverage and soon became a massive hit; it was still in theaters in 1972, four years after its release.

In 2018, shortly before the re-release of 2001 in Imax theaters to commemorate its 50th anniversary, old footage surfaced of Kubrick explaining its enigmatic ending. He said that the character of Dr. Bowman is taken in by “god-like entities” for study, and as such is placed in a “human zoo” — a bedroom meant to replicate his natural environment. Afterward, he is transformed into the superhuman Star Child and sent back to Earth, reflecting “the pattern of a great deal of mythology.”

Later Releases

Kubrick went on to win further acclaim with the dystopian A Clockwork Orange (1971); the costumer drama Barry Lyndon (1975), for which he personally approved each costume for thousands of extras in battle scenes; The Shining (1980), which evidenced his predilection for multiple takes (he shot one scene with star Jack Nicholson 134 times); and the war drama Full Metal Jacket (1987), starring R. Lee Ermey, Adam Baldwin and Vincent D’Onofrio.

زندگینامه استنلی کوبریک

Final Years

After moving to England in the early 1960s, Kubrick slowly gained a reputation as a recluse. He gradually reduced the time he spent anywhere other than on a studio set or in his home office, refused most interview requests and was rarely photographed, never formally. He kept to a schedule of working at night and sleeping during the day, which allowed him to keep North American time. During this time, he had his sister, Mary, tape Yankees and NFL games, particularly those of the New York Giants, which were airmailed to him.

Stanley Kubrick died in his sleep after suffering a heart attack at his home in Childwickbury Manor, Hertfordshire, England, on March 7, 1999, hours after delivering a print of what would be his last film, Eyes Wide Shut (1999), to the studio. The film, starring Nicole Kidman and Tom Cruise (who were married at the time), went on to earn both commercial and critical acclaim, including Golden Globe and Satellite award nominations.

کلاس خصوصی زبان انگلیسی آزمون TOEFL

زندگینامه استنلی کوبریک

استنلی کوبریک کارگردان و تهیه‌کننده آمریکایی بود.

کوبریک در تاریخ 26 ژوئیهٔ 1928 متولد شد.

بیشتر فیلم‌های کوبریک اقتباسات ادبی هستند.

فیلم‌های کوبریک معمولاً جنجالی و همین‌طور مورد ستایش منتقدان واقع شده‌اند.

کوبریک به دقیق بودن و به نمایش درآوردن همه جزئیات دقیق در فیلم‌هایش معروف بود.

به همین علت روش او در فیلمسازی کند و طولانی بوده، تا آنجا که گاهی میان دو فیلم او سال‌ها وقفه می‌افتاده‌است.

او در طول ۴۸ سال فعالیت کارگردانی فقط 13 فیلم بلند ساخت.

سبک‌های گوناگون فیلم‌هایش و انزوای او چه در روش فیلمسازی و چه در مورد شخصیت فردی وی، او را مشهور ساخته‌است.

استنلی کوبریک یکی از معدود کارگردانان کمالگرا در تاریخ سینما به‌شمار می‌آید.

کوبریک جزء معدود کارگردان‌هایی بود که همواره در انتخاب فیلمنامه ریسک می‌کرد. او فیلم‌های خود را در ژانرهای گوناگونی می‌ساخت.

وی در تاریخ 7 مارس 1999 درگذشت.

زندگینامه استنلی کوبریک

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