زندگینامه جان برونینگ

زندگینامه جان برونینگ

زندگینامه جان برونینگ و استفاده از آن در یادگیری زبان انگلیسی | کلاس خصوصی زبان انگلیسی

John Browning transformed the firearms industry with his innovative designs for sporting rifles, handguns and machine guns. Many of his creations remain in use after more than 100 years.

کلاس خصوصی زبان انگلیسی , آموزش زبان انگلیسی , زندگینامه جان برونینگ

زندگینامه جان برونینگ

Who Was John Browning?
Born in Odgen, Utah, in 1855, John Browning learned the trade of gunmaking from his father. Beginning with his creation of what became the Winchester Model 1885 rifle, his innovations transformed the business, as he either invented or introduced new versions of repeating, automatic and high-capacity firearms that proved popular among both civilians and the military. Browning spent much of his later years in Belgium, where he forged a relationship with the firearms company FN Herstal, and died in that country in 1926.

Military Weapons
Along with his popular rifles for sporting and personal use, Browning developed high-capacity weaponry for military combat. One of his first creations for such use, the gas-operated machine gun M1895, surfaced in the Spanish-American War of 1898 and China’s Boxer Rebellion shortly afterward.

The M1918 Browning Automatic Rifle appeared toward the end of WWI, its variations receiving more extensive use during WWII and the Korean War. Additionally, the M1919 Browning, a short-recoil-operated machine gun, featured prominently in WWII, Korea and Vietnam.

Browning’s designs were also used to create the M2 Browning, or “Ma Deuce,” an 80-plus-pound air-cooled machine gun. While not produced until the 1930s, after Browning’s death, it became one of his most renowned military contributions, figuring into numerous major global conflicts in the decades that followed.

زندگینامه جان برونینگ

Early Years and Interest in Guns
John Moses Browning was born on January 23, 1855, in Ogden, Utah. His father, Jonathan, was a businessman, civil servant and gunsmith, the latter activity capturing the attention of his children.

Spending most of his time in his father’s gun shop, John Browning cobbled together his first gun at age 10 from spare parts. He attended school until around age 15, when the head instructor, who recognized the boy’s primary interest, told him not to bother coming back.

زندگینامه جان برونینگ

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Death and Legacy
On November 26, 1926, John Browning died of heart failure in Liège, Belgium, reportedly while hard at work on one of his guns. Over the course of his life, he designed more than 80 military and sporting arms, racking up 100-plus patents along the way.

Browning’s innovations fueled the creation of many firearms associated with the American West, with Colt, Remington and Savage joining Winchester as companies that manufactured models based on his designs. Regular production of his most popular guns endured for decades, with many remaining available for purchase today.

In 1952, a life-size memorial plaque was dedicated to Browning in Liège. In 1964, a photographic collection of his firearms was compiled for the first edition of his seminal biography, John M. Browning: American Gunmaker.

Enthusiasts can also see some of the legendary gunmaker’s original models at the John M. Browning Firearms Museum, located in his birthtown at Ogden Union Station in Utah.

زندگینامه جان برونینگ

جان برونینگ ‏در تاریخ ۲۳ ژانویه ۱۸۵۵ در یوتا متولد شد.

جان برونینگ طراح آمریکایی سلاح‌های سبک بود.

وی روحیه ابتکار را از همان بچگی داشت و در سیزده سالگی تفنگی را در فروشگاه تفنگ پدرش ساخت.

او درسال ۱۸۷۹ اختراع تفنگی تک تیر را بنام خود ثبت کرد که مجوز تولید آنرا به شرکت وینچستر فروخت.

برونینگ طراحی‌های بعدی خود را برای تولید در اختیار شرکت‌های اسلحه‌سازی کلت، رمینگتون، استیونز، و وینچستر گذاشت که همگی فروش خوبی داشتند و در اغلب آن‌ها هم به نام او اشاره‌ای نشده بود.

تفنگ اتوماتیک برونینگ در سال ۱۹۱۸ مورد پذیرش ارتش آمریکا قرار گرفت.

وی همچنین انواع زیادی از سلاح‌های ورزشی را هم طراحی کرد که یکی از معروف‌ترین آن‌ها تفنگ ساچمه‌ای دولولی است که در بلژیک ساخته می‌شود.

وی در تاریخ ۲۶ نوامبر ۱۹۲۶ در بلژیک درگذشت.

زندگینامه جان برونینگ

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