زندگینامه جرج برنارد شاو

زندگینامه جرج برنارد شاو

زندگینامه جرج برنارد شاو و استفاده از آن در یادگیری زبان انگلیسی | کلاس خصوصی زبان انگلیسی

Irish playwright George Bernard Shaw wrote more than 60 plays during his lifetime and was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1925.

کلاس خصوصی زبان انگلیسی , آموزش زبان انگلیسی , زندگینامه جرج برنارد شاو

زندگینامه جرج برنارد شاو

کلاس خصوصی زبان انگلیسی آزمون TOEFL

Synopsis

George Bernard Shaw was born July 26, 1856, in Dublin, Ireland. In 1876 he moved to London, where he wrote regularly but struggled financially. In 1895, he became a theater critic for the Saturday Review and began writing plays of his own. His play Pygmalion was later made into a film twice, and the screenplay he wrote for the first version of it won an Oscar. During his lifetime, he wrote more than 60 plays and won many other awards, among them the Nobel Prize.

Early Years

Playwright George Bernard Shaw was born in Dublin, Ireland, on July 26, 1856. The third and youngest child, Shaw’s early education took the form of tutoring sessions provided by his clerical uncle.

Early on, Shaw explored the worlds of the arts (music, art, literature) under his mother’s guidance and through regular visits to the National Gallery of Ireland. In 1872, Shaw’s mother left her husband and took Shaw’s two sisters to London, and four years later Shaw followed (his younger sister had died in the meantime), deciding to become a writer. Shaw struggled financially, and his mother essentially supported him while he spent time in the British Museum reading room, working on his first novels.

کلاس خصوصی زبان انگلیسی , آموزش زبان انگلیسی , زندگینامه جرج برنارد شاو

زندگینامه جرج برنارد شاو

کلاس خصوصی زبان انگلیسی آزمون IELTS

The Literary Giant

Toward the end of the 19th century, beginning with Caesar and Cleopatra (written in 1898), Shaw’s writing came into its own, the product of a mature writer hitting on all cylinders. In 1903, Shaw wrote Man and Superman, whose third act, “Don Juan in Hell,” achieved a status larger than the play itself and is often staged as a separate play entirely. While Shaw would write plays for the next 50 years, the plays written in the 20 years after Man and Superman would become foundational plays in his oeuvre. Works such as Major Barbara (1905), The Doctor’s Dilemma (1906), Pygmalion (1912), Androcles and the Lion (1912) and Saint Joan (1923) all firmly established Shaw as a leading dramatist of his time. In 1925, Shaw was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature.

Pygmalion, one of Shaw’s most famous plays, was adapted to the big screen in 1938, earning Shaw an Academy Award for writing the screenplay. Pygmalion went on to further fame when it was adapted into a musical and became a hit, first on the Broadway stage (1956) with Rex Harrison and Julie Andrews, and later on the screen (1964) with Harrison and Audrey Hepburn.

Shaw died in 1950 at age 94 while working on yet another play.

کلاس خصوصی زبان انگلیسی , آموزش زبان انگلیسی , زندگینامه جرج برنارد شاو

زندگینامه جرج برنارد شاو

جرج برنارد شاو متولد ۲۶ ژوئیه ۱۸۵۶ است.

وی نمایش‌نامه‌نویس سبک کُمیک، منتقد ادبی و مبلّغ سوسیالیست ایرلندی‌تبار و یک گیاهخوار بود.

از او به‌عنوان توانمندترین نمایش‌نامه نویس بریتانیایی پس از شکسپیر یاد می‌کنند.

برنارد شاو همچنین یکی از برترین منتقدان موسیقی و تئاتر نسل خود محسوب می‌شده‌است.

او از مؤسسین مدرسه اقتصاد لندن بود.

او برای نمایشنامه سنت ژان، در سال ۱۹۲۵ میلادی به دریافت جایزه ادبی نوبل، نائل آمد.

همچنین او در سال ۱۹۳۸ جایزه آکادمی اسکار را برای بهترین فیلمنامه اقتباسی دریافت کرد.

شاو در تاریخ ۲ نوامبر ۱۹۵۰ درگذشت.

زندگینامه جرج برنارد شاو

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