زندگینامه دان شرلی

زندگینامه دان شرلی

زندگینامه دان شرلی و استفاده از آن در یادگیری زبان انگلیسی | کلاس خصوصی زبان انگلیسی

Don Shirley was a 20th-century African-American pianist and composer who often performed with the Don Shirley Trio. A chapter of his life story was the subject of the 2018 film ‘Green Book.’

دان شرلی (انگلیسی: Don Shirley; ۲۹ ژانویهٔ ۱۹۲۷ – ۶ آوریل ۲۰۱۳) آهنگساز و پیانیست جاز اهل جامائیکا بود.

مهارت او در پیانونوازی در سن پایین مشخص شد و او در جوانی به آهنگسازی و نوازندگی پرداخت.

موسیقی شرلی را به آسانی نمی‌توان دسته‌بندی کرد.

به عنوان آهنگساز و تنظیم‌کننده، او با هر بخش کارش مانند یک قطعه جدید و نه صرفاً یک تنظیم جدید برخورد می‌کرد.

شرلی استاندارد جاز را به صورتی غیراستاندارد می‌نواخت.

زندگینامه دان شرلی

Who Was Don Shirley?

African-American pianist and composer Don Shirley (January 29, 1927 – April 6, 2013) displayed immense talent at an early age, debuting in concert with the Boston Pops at age 18. Despite the obstacles of segregation, he performed at prestigious venues and earned acclaim for his work with the Don Shirley Trio, showcasing a unique style that melded classical, spiritual and popular elements.

Largely forgotten by the time of his death, Shirley was introduced to new generations of fans with the 2018 premiere of Green Book, starring Mahershala Ali as Shirley and Viggo Mortensen as his bodyguard and chauffeur, Anthony “Tony Lip” Vallelonga.

زندگینامه دان شرلی

Family and Personal

Shirley, who married once and divorced, never had children. A scene in Green Book shows him handcuffed in a YMCA shower after relations with another man, prompting questions about his sexuality, though he kept this aspect of his life private.

Shirley wasn’t the only member of his family to achieve professional success; His brothers Calvin and Edward became doctors, while the latter also developed a close friendship with Martin Luther King Jr.

زندگینامه دان شرلی

Musical Prodigy

Donald Walbridge Shirley was born on January 29, 1927, in Pensacola, Florida, to Jamaican immigrants: His father, Edwin, was an Episcopal minister, and his mother, Stella, was a teacher.

Shirley first showed an interest in the piano at two-and-a-half years old, and by age he was performing on the organ at church. At age nine, around the time his mother died, Shirley traveled to the Soviet Union to study theory at the Leningrad Conservatory of Music. He later received lessons in advanced composition from Conrad Bernier and Dr. Thaddeus Jones at Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C.

In June 1945, at age 18, Shirley made his concert debut with the Boston Pops, playing Tchaikovsky’s Piano Concerto No. 1 in B flat. The London Philharmonic Orchestra performed his first major composition the following year, and in 1949 he received an invite from the Haitian government to play at the Exposition International du Bi-Centenaire De Port-au-Prince.

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Shirley’s Musical Style

Despite his training, Shirley in his 20s was dissuaded from pursuing a career as a classical pianist by impresario Sol Hurok, who said the country wasn’t ready to accept a black man in that arena. Shirley subsequently developed his own genre, melding his influences in blues, spirituals, show tunes, and popular music to deliver compositions that were both familiar and original to audiences.

His imagination and deft touch drew praise from musical luminaries like Igor Stravinsky, who cited Shirley’s virtuosity as “worthy of the gods,” and Duke Ellington, who said he would “give up his bench” at the piano to let Shirley take the reins.

Death

Shirley died from complications of heart disease at his home in New York City, above Carnegie Hall, on April 6, 2013. He was 86 years old.

زندگینامه دان شرلی

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